Situated approximately a 40-minute boat ride from the port of Copacabana, Sun Island or Isla del Sol in Spanish, is a large island with a long history and rich, relatively-intact cultural traditions.
It's also located in the Southern part of Lake Titicaca and it is believed to be the birthplace of the Incan Empire. There are over 80 ruins on the island most of which date back to the Inca period. Among these are - agricultural terracing that pre-dates the Incas, remains of an Inca temple, as well as a fountain that offers eternal youth. There are also the traditional communities of over 5000 people and grazing llamas.
On the south side of the island, there's Yumani, which is the largest and most developed settlement, making it a popular layover for tourists looking to spend the night. On the northern side, there is Cha’llapampa, where you will find the gold museum and the ruins. Finally, on the central east coast, you will have Cha’lla, which is more rural dwelling, backing onto a beautiful sandy beach.
One of the things that tourists must remember when visiting Sun Island is that there are no vehicles on the island. Therefore, visitors are limited to hiking along rocky trails (some are now paved in Inca style) or traveling by boat. Of course this all great news as long as you are up for a little bit of adventure and physical activity.
The main ports are at Pilko Kaina, the Escalera del Inca in Yumani and near the Templo del Inca and Chincana ruins at Cha’llapampa.There’s also a small port at Japapi on the southwest coast.
Sun Island can be visited all year round but the best time to visit would be during the dry season (May-September). The average temperatures range from 16 to 17°C (60 to 63°F).
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