Situated at the Southern tip of Argentina, and fondly known as 'El Fin del Mundo' or the End of the World, Ushuaia is set on a bay off Isla Grande between the Beagle Channel and towering glacial peaks, a location few places in the world can match

Situated at the Southern tip of Argentina, and fondly known as 'El Fin del Mundo' or the End of the World, Ushuaia is set on a bay off Isla Grande between the Beagle Channel and towering glacial peaks of Cerro Martial and Monte Olivia, a location that few places in the world can match.

As the capital city of Tierra Del Fuego, 3220 kilometres from Buenos Aires, Ushuaia is also the principal gateway to Antarctica, and is an important town that caters well for visitors, offering an array of activities in and around the surrounding area. Some would say that it is merely a large town rather than a city as its population is about 60,000 people. Having said that, Ushuaia is full of character, offering a rich outdoor life, and a surprisingly cosmopolitan feel to it.

Tourism is naturally, one of the main industries in Ushuaia and there are some beautiful hotels, and very pleasant restaurants and shops to explore. The main street is Avenida San Martin which is the main focus of Ushuaias restaurants and nightlife, particularly in Summer when Ushuaias streets are plentiful with cruising tourists and travellers alike. After yearsof economic growth in Argentina and Ushuaia itself, this provincial capital is always improving. Once a penal colony and naval base, the fishing, tourist and manufacturing boom changed the appearance of the city and the waterfront area has been regenerated and some of its more historical buildings have been restored to give Ushuaia its own unique personality.

The Tierra del Fuego National Park is also situated next to Ushuaia and  the attractive local areas offer the chance for visitors to participate in more adventurous activities and Ushuaia is now an ideal destination for wildlife viewing, fishing, skiing, hiking, biking, dining and shopping.

Maritime Museum of Ushuaia

The Maritime Museum of Ushuaia is well worth a visit when you are in the area, to learn more about the City. It offers a bit of history behind the area and is located in the building of the former Prison of Ushuaia (or Re-offenders Prison of Tierra del Fuego). In April 1997, the building of the prison, which was closed down in 1947, was declared a National Historic Monument by the National Congress. It houses the maritime Musuem, the Musuem of the Prison and also a fascinating Antarctic Musuem. It offers a collection of models and naval models and with a maritime background, this museum explores the history of the area. The Museum of the Prison of Ushuaia  explores the first Prison of Tierra del Fuego built in1896) the project to set up a Penal Colony, and how the prison was built. It is a fascinating musuem and depicts the convicts lives and day to day lives, as well as some biographies told from the most renowned criminals in Argentina. The Antarctic Museum José María Sobral is made up of a series of rooms that uncover the richest Antarctic historic and biological heritage preserved and is very interesting to learn about, especially if you are doing an Antarctic Cruise.

Fin del Mundo Museum

Housed in a former branch of the Banco de la Nacion until 1978 and originally built for a territorial governor in 1903, this museum  showcases historical and zoological displays in a series of interconnecting rooms. There are exhibits on natural history, aboriginal life, and local birdlife.  There is an exhibit that displays stuffed animals and the tools used to hunt them. There are mementos of past visitors such as the shipwrecked figurehead of the HMS Duchess of Albany, which came into trouble off the coast of Tierra del Fuego in 1893, a  grocery store exhibit which displays the essential shopping items of Ushuaia’s past citizens, and a Bird room which features local wildlife and seabirds such as penguins and albatrosses.The final exhibit displays the safes, security doors, sturdy furniture and log books of Argentina’s National Bank.

Glaciar Martial and Aerosilla Chairlift

This impressive glacier is reached from Ushuaia town by either taxi or a good hike to the ski-run. Here you can take the Aerosilla Chairlift or continue walking for approximately 2 hours. At the top, you can enjoy panoramic views out over Ushuaia and the Beagle Channel. which are well worth the trip, especially if you won't be visiting any of the glaciers in El Calafate. Even if you dont want to hike to see the glacier, the chairlift is well worth the trip,(weather permitting) as the 15 minute panoramic ride has beautiful views. Otherwise from the bottom of teh Aerosilla there is a nature trail that you can also walk which is very pleasant. If you have a free half day in Ushuaia, this comes highly recommended and don't forget your camera!

  • Hiking and Trekking

  • Boat Trips

  • Skiing and Winter Sports

  • Fishing

  • Antarctic Cruising (Click on Antarctic Cruising on map)

Ushuaia has a subpolar oceanic climate and temperatures vary between 1.6 degrees Celsius in July and 10.4 degrees in the warmest month of January. Most people think that it has a severe climate but because of the surrounding mountains and sea keep temperatures up and the climate mild. The city itself is very humid and On average experiences 200 days of light rain or snow a year, with many cloudy and foggy days. October to May are the warmest months and generally it doesn't  snow, whilst May to October are the coldest months to visit. In December to February, Ushuaia has highest temperatures and 18 hours of light a day and Winters in Ushuaia get very few hours of daylight. Therefore summer months are best for hiking, trekking and Cruising while skiing and Wintersports are popular in the Winter.

Average Highs and Lows in Ushuaia in °F

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

High

57°

56

54

49

43

40

39

42

46

50

53

56

Low

41°

41

39

36

32

29

28

30

32

36

38

40

Ushuaia was first inhabited by the Selk'nam Indians approximately 10,000 years ago by the southern group called the Yamanas, a history and culture which is fascinating to learn about and is still rife in Ushuaia today.

At the end of the eighteenth century and the beginning of the nineteenth century, it is said that sea lion hunters and explorers visited the archipelago. The channel, for example was named by a Captain Fitz Roy who commanded the British ship, HMS Beagle in 1833, and discovered the channel. The history of Ushuaia begins around 1869 when an Anglican missionary  arrived on board the Allen Gardiner schooner, in order to evangelize the natives. This task was followed afterwards by reverend Thomas Bridges.
 

During the 1880s, many gold prospectors came to Ushuaia following rumors of large gold fields but they did turn out to be just rumors.The city of Ushuaia began as a penal colony in 1884, part of a plan enforced by the Argentinian governement at the time led by President Roca, to populate their half of the archipelago, which was shared with Chile, in order to reaffirm sovereignity.The colony didnt stay put but the convicts did, and they were transferred to the infamous Ushuaia Prison, which for 45 years from1902, housed some of Argentinas most notorious criminals and political prisoners. A military prison was also opened in San Juan de Salvamento (in The Staten Island, to the East), and merged with the jail in Ushuaia, by presidential law. By 1911, the Yamana native people had almost been wiped out due to several epidemics that Ushuaia suffered.

Because of the prison, the town had electricity very early, the same as the pier, the post office and the road building. The prisoners also became forced colonists and built the town with timber from the forest around the prison. They also built a railway. The infrastructure such as the workshops, the shoe shop, carpenter's shop, medical service,the printing house, photography, the tailoring, and the pharmacy, filled the population's demands which by that time was far from the main supply centre (Buenos Aires), from where the ships came once a month.

The national government decided to close the prison in 1947 and the Navy Department took control of the building and since then, Ushuaia has been an important Navy Base. At that time the population of Ushuaia had already increased to over 2000 inhabitants.

Ushuaia started to change when Immigrants began coming from different countries of the world, such as Croatia, Italy, Spain, Lebanon, for the job opportunities, particularly factory work.

The 70´s marked another stage in the history of Ushuaia with the implementation of the industrial law, which provided customs benefits in order to encourage the regional economy. Many Argentineans coming from other areas in Argentina were also attracted by the possibilities of finding a job and saving money so the populatin and city grew to what it is today.

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